Lateral Image Test
Overview Computations Setup
Baldwin On LIT Contact

LIT_conic_20.xlsm overview
  To download the LIT Conic spreadsheet click here (MD5 = F13AEAE7DF1F740BDC2250ADDC172D1C)

Jeff Baldwin's youtube video - taking a LIT image
Jeff Baldwin's youtube video - processing a LIT image

click to download the 24 mega byte imageJ input tif file to be used with LIT spreadsheet

Olympus E300 Evolt
  • Lens mount to CCD: 38.8 mm
  • Pixels/inch: 4771
    Canon T2i EOS Rebel
  • Lens mount to CCD: 44 mm
  • Pixels/inch: 5905
  • FigureXp results
    LIT Nonlinear Algebraic Equations

    This is a newer and I think easier to understand version of the LIT equations. The original equations can be found here. And of course, both produce the same results.

    LIT is a Fixed Source Test and as such, the angle of the source ray s is equal to the angle of reflection ray r as measured with respect to the Normal per Fig-1:

    • Alpha represents the angle s and r.
    • The slope of the Normal is -z' per Fig-4.
    • The slope of a perpendicular to the Normal is +1/z' per Fig-3.

    The Normal vector (per Fig-1 equation 2) of the form y=mx+b is y=-z'x+zz'+h, where zz'+h is the b term. Knowing z, the other side of that right triangle is found using similar triangles where the derivative z' serves as the other triangle with similar sides. Derivative z' and 1/z' are used in many places in Fig-1 in this manner which has greatly simplified this new version of the LIT equations, which gets exactly the same results as the old.

    Excels Solver (Root finder) is used to find the numerical solution to the LIT nonlinear algebraic equations, which can be simply summarized as:

    z is varied (using a Root finder) until Yz of Fig-2 equation 12 is nearly equals to Ym (the slit images as measured by ImageJ).

    Instead of using Z=-Kz of Fig-4 to compute the Foucault, Z=(h-Rz'+zz')/z' is used instead being it avoids multiplying by K=-0 when the conic is a sphere.

    LIT Conic Mask Parallax

    LIT Conic Same Plane

    ---> --->

    Karine and Jean-MarcLecleire, A Manual for Amateur Telescope Making.
      (2)  Conics
    Optical Shop Testing Edited by Daniel Malacara, Wiley and Sons, 1978, Appendix 1 page 479, 482
    Conic approximation
    Conic equations
    Conic constant - Schwarzschild constant
      (3)  LWT

    J. Francis, "Improved Test Methods for Elliptical and Spherical TCT Mirrors,", ATM J. 14, 34-39, (ISSN 1074-2697).

    Unfortunately, references to the LWT on the Internet have mostly faded away. Jim Burrows author of Sixtests.exe did mention the LWT. LWT was a variant of the moving source Caustic, where instead of trying to determine a Caustic zone holes focus laterally and longitudinally precisely, the LWT measurements were done manually in the same lateral plane and didn't require a mask. Little judgment was required to determine laterally where a zone ray crossed the lateral plane. The LWT was an improvement over the standard Caustic. However, the required lateral accuracy required was very tight. Given small room temperature and the time to take the measurements, I could not get repeatable LWT results.

    Lens mount to CCD spacing
       Recommend saving this webpage to your computer, since it has vanished in the past.
      (5)  Dr. Cuffy's Hartmann

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